The genuine msdtc.exe file is a software component of Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator by Microsoft Corporation.
"Msdtc.exe" is the "Console Program" or chief executable object in Microsoft's Distributed Transaction Coordinator (DTC), a background service included in Windows since WinXP SP2 and Windows Server 2003 SP1. Residing in "C:\Windows\System32", along with at least eight Dynamic Link Library (DLL) files also beginning with "msdtc...", and not removable, it enables the applications or databases (including SQL) or other resource managers on a Windows server or PC to use and update transaction-protected resources contained on that system or distributed across a network. What it "coordinates" is the computer's interaction with Microsoft's COM+ system, an enhancement of the Component Object Model which directs the actions of the DTC. "Transaction protection" is ensuring that multiple files or databases involved in a complex operation are not permanently updated unless the entire operation completely succeeds; if one part fails or takes too long to succeed, no changes related to it are retained.
MsDTC stands for Microsoft Distributed Transaction Console
The .exe extension on a filename indicates an executable file. Executable files may, in some cases, harm your computer. Therefore, please read below to decide for yourself whether the msdtc.exe on your computer is a Trojan that you should remove, or whether it is a file belonging to the Windows operating system or to a trusted application.
The process known as MS DTC console program or Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator Service or Microsoft Corporation.All belongs to software Microsoft Windows Operating System or Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator or Distributed Transaction Coordinator or Microsoft Corporation.All by Microsoft (www.microsoft.com) or Microsoft Corporation.All.
Description: The original msdtc.exe from Microsoft is an important part of Windows, but often causes problems. Msdtc.exe is located in the C:\Windows\System32 folder.
Known file sizes on Windows 10/8/7/XP are 6,144 bytes (60% of all occurrences), 20,480 bytes and 8 more variants.
It runs as service, and the service name is MSDTC.
The program is not visible. It is a Microsoft signed file. Therefore the technical security rating is 20% dangerous; however you should also read the user reviews.
Recommended: Identify msdtc.exe related errors
Is msdtc.exe a virus? No, it is not. The true msdtc.exe file is a safe Microsoft Windows system process, called "MS DTC console program".
However, writers of malware programs, such as viruses, worms, and Trojans deliberately give their processes the same file name to escape detection. Viruses with the same file name are such as HEUR:Trojan.Win32.Miner.gen (detected by Kaspersky), and TROJ_GEN.R002C0OKN17 (detected by TrendMicro).
To ensure that no rogue msdtc.exe is running on your PC, click here to run a Free Malware Scan.
How to recognize suspicious variants? If msdtc.exe is located in a subfolder of C:\Windows, the security rating is 66% dangerous. The file size is 441,344 bytes. The program is not visible. Msdtc.exe is located in the Windows folder, but it is not a Windows core file. It is not a Windows core file. The application uses ports to connect to or from a LAN or the Internet.
External information from Paul Collins:
Important: Some malware disguises itself as msdtc.exe, particularly when not located in the C:\Windows\System32 folder. Therefore, you should check the msdtc.exe process on your PC to see if it is a threat. We recommend Security Task Manager for verifying your computer's security. This was one of the Top Download Picks of The Washington Post and PC World.
A clean and tidy computer is the key requirement for avoiding problems with msdtc. This means running a scan for malware, cleaning your hard drive using 1cleanmgr and 2sfc /scannow, 3uninstalling programs that you no longer need, checking for Autostart programs (using 4msconfig) and enabling Windows' 5Automatic Update. Always remember to perform periodic backups, or at least to set restore points.
Should you experience an actual problem, try to recall the last thing you did, or the last thing you installed before the problem appeared for the first time. Use the 6resmon command to identify the processes that are causing your problem. Even for serious problems, rather than reinstalling Windows, you are better off repairing of your installation or, for Windows 8 and later versions, executing the 7DISM.exe /Online /Cleanup-image /Restorehealth command. This allows you to repair the operating system without losing data.
To help you analyze the msdtc.exe process on your computer, the following programs have proven to be helpful: ASecurity Task Manager displays all running Windows tasks, including embedded hidden processes, such as keyboard and browser monitoring or Autostart entries. A unique security risk rating indicates the likelihood of the process being potential spyware, malware or a Trojan. BMalwarebytes Anti-Malware detects and removes sleeping spyware, adware, Trojans, keyloggers, malware and trackers from your hard drive.